3 No 1
is devoted to informative articles and news items about exercise physiology.
It is a monthly magazine of news, opinions, exercise physiology professionals,
and events that shape exercise physiology. While it contains views and
opinions of the Editor
who oversees the ASEP Internet Websites, visitors can have a voice as well.
We welcome interested practitioners, researchers, and academicians to e-mail
the Publisher their thoughts and ideas or to respond directly via the ASEP
ASEP News ---
Robert Robergs of the University of New Mexico has just recently submitted
his "President's Report." To read the complete report, click on December
1998. In brief, Dr. Robergs discusses: (1) the dates, times, and place
of the 2nd Annual Meeting of ASEP; (2) the conversion of the JEPonline
publishing format to the more traditonal format with double columns and
formatted tables and figures; (3) committee functions; (4) ASEP student
chapters; (5) membership goal for 1999; (6) international issues and more!
are two official ASEP Student Chapters. The first chapter of student exercise
physiologists was founded at the
of New Mexico. The second was started at the College
of St. Scholastica. There will be more! Plans are in the works to contact
ASEP members who are college/university teachers to start chapters at their
school. As time permits, you may want to click on the Student
Chapter By-Laws and Constitution.
Also, to any ASEP member who works in a setting (e.g., hospital, wellness,
or fitness center) with other exercise physiologists, you can start a chapter
there as well. How about that for creativity? If you are interested in
starting a chapter, contact the ASEP National Office (218-723-6297) or
sure to click on the January
1999 issue of ASEP's exercise physiology journal. There are several
research articles for your enjoyment. The titles and authors are:
and psychosocial responses to exercise in cancer patients: A two-year follow-up
survey with prostate, leukemia, and general carcinoma
P. Durak, Paula C. Lilly, and Jennifer L. Hackworth
performance effects of hyperoxic vs. normoxic breathing during interval
training in female cyclists
F. Nichols, David W. Douglass, Michael J. Burono, Shay McKelvey, and Simon
hyperhydration alters cardiovascular and renal function
Montner, Yen Zou, Robert A. Robergs, Greg Murata, Dan Stark, Chris Quinn,
Steve Wood, Deb Lium, and Ernest R. Greene
correct! We are an organization of 200+ members. Not bad for the first
year! Thanks to everyone who has taken the time to read the ASEP web pages,
and has joined the Society. Thank you.
become a member, print the
Membership Application and forward it to the ASEP
National Office, or call an ASEP representative at (218) 723-6297,
or visit additional web sites for more information via the Table
weather at ASEP National Office
brief papers are part of the January 1999 ASEPNewsletter
to stress the importance of members and why ASEP exists.
Editorials - Anybody?
relationships that last a lifetime
seeking guest editorials -- brief commentaries on a wide variety of issues.
Everyone involved in health, fitness, rehabilitation, and sports, including
medical, business, management, psychology, teachers, and students -- is
welcome to share insights, concerns, points and counterpoints on any issue
that impinges upon the exercise physiology profession, including the changing
role of exercise physiology, professional directions, clinical workplace
dilemmas, ethical issues, politics and organizations, licensure and regulatory
issues, certification, education, technology, professional associations,
mentoring, relationship among exercise physiology professionals, healthcare
providers, and healthcare workers.
contribute a guest editorial, send, FAX (218)723-6472), or e-mail (firstname.lastname@example.org)
an essay and a brief biography. Send your contribution to ASEP National
Office, College of St. Scholastica, Department of Exercise Physiology,
1200 Kenwood Ave., Duluth, MN 55811.
ideas into reality
am reminded of Joseph Conrad's words, "I don't like work -- no person does
-- but I like what is in work -- the chance to find yourself. Your own
reality -- for yourself, not for others -- what no other person can ever
know." In a sense, I believe, ASEP is the work of the members and, in the
process of finding ourselves, we discover who we are.
Annual Meeting of ASEP
2nd annual meeting of ASEP members will take place during October 14-16,
1999 in Albuquerque, NM at the Wyndham
of ASEP's research articles from JEPonline
referenced in Sportsmedicine.com "Articles Archive" along with other articles
published in the Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise and The
Physician and Sportsmedicine journals. Check it out!
re-read our Presidents' February 16, 1998 comments regarding ASEP and ACSM.
His analysis is excellent reading and, therefore, I present his thoughts
as previously presented in the ASEP
Public Forum for Exercise Physiologists. We would be interested in
publishing your thoughts as well. As a member of ASEP, the ASEPNewsletter
food for thought is available in the Professionalization
of Exercise Physiologyonlinejournal.
sites by ASEP members!
a look at this site. It belongs to one of our own! ASEP member
George, M.A. is committed to innovation and successful development
of sport and outdoor products. What
we offer... is an excellent page for analyzing the services of Odyssey
Health & Fitness
site belongs to Eric P. Durak who is dedicated to promoting health
and exercise through special products designed to improve the quality of
life for cancer patients. This is also an excellent contact point
with a professional in who can make a difference in the quality of living.
Ideas Into Reality
Boone, PhD, MPH, FASEP
I got an email regarding the ASEP pages that was interesting. I read it,
and I was delighted. There is at least one really interested person who
clicks on the ASEP web sites several times each week. I felt really good
about the just ONE email because I don't hear a lot about whether the pages
are helpful to exercise physiologists. A "thank you" for the work involved
in creating and maintaining the pages came at the right time. I am still
motivated, and this piece is my effort to keep offering information to
think about. This piece is dedicated to those who continue to endure to
just a few years ago there was no discussion about the professoinalization
of exercise physiology. Now, however, I even hear my students occasionally
talking about professionalism. I understand they are looking at the positive
side of things. Their thoughts today are about getting a handle on getting
ahead and looking for more. They tell me that they don't worry so much
about their future, and that exercise physiology is in a unique position
is not a cure for the lack of an organized history, but it does focus on
positive things. Above all, I understand that it makes each and every exercise
physiologist responsible for the profession. The point being: this is a
beginning of a lifelong, marvelous uplifting of exercise physiologists.
This thinking is relatively simple but it is not miniscule. Incredibly,
it may be the most significant concentrated effort by exercise physiologists
to stimulate responsible action. It opens all of us to new ideas, and it
arms us with a way to think that is surprisingly at the heart of our need
to reengineer the profession.
need passionate members of the profession who are stirred by the right
thing to do. Fortunately, there are increasingly more positive thinkers
with good habits and a commitment to build a profession. This point is
particularly provocative because it gives direction while gaining momentum
day-by-day. Once discovered, a little bit of each of us is hooked. There
is nothing more powerful than enlightened people. They will do almost anything
to turn ideas into realities. They are "great men" who understand that
purpose and dreams are more important than any material and/or political
position that typically rules the individual. They persist in their efforts
when others drop out. They protest when ideas are fashioned out of negative
most important thing is -- don't just read the ASEP web pages. Use them.
Do something about them. Try them out by thinking differently. You will
find them as a force to explore, influence, and understand the profession.
So, with this in mind, let's return to the men and women of ASEP. In order
to understand them, I am reminded of Joseph Conrad's words, "I don't like
work -- no person does -- but I like what is in work -- the chance to find
yourself. Your own reality -- for yourself, not for others -- what no other
person can ever know." In a sense, I believe, ASEP is the work of the members.
In the process of making dreams come true, it is the chance to discover
who we are.
on the intent of Conrad's words, two points are clear. First, ASEP members
have decided what their future should be and, second, they have become
stronger by living it. They are different from other exercise physiologists
because they have made a commitment to build the profession. The destiny
of the profession will not be determined by non-members. Instead, it will
grow out of excitment and enthusiasm of ASEP members. They are, in reality,
as ONE with the faith of a mustard seed. Since it was planted with the
founding of ASEP in 1997, it has grown into an organization, producing
action, beliefs, and service.
Boone, PhD, MPH, FASEP
reading just a few electronic pages of the ASEP websites, it should be
obvious that ASEP is an organization with the member in mind. The relationship
between the two is important and, as stated in earlier documents, ASEP
exists for the members. The members do not exist for ASEP. That is an important
distinct between ASEP and other professional organizations.
that's not enough. It is also imperative that ASEP acts on behalf of empowering
the members. One way of doing so is through the development of an increasingly
better relationship with the members. It's time to look at the members
and encourage a relationship that makes success possible for everyone.
From this perspective, members provide important information about their
professional preferences, needs, and dreams. ASEP learns how to better
serve the members more effectively as it comes to understand exactly what
the members want.
more exercise physiology members communicate with ASEP, the better position
ASEP will be in to find the right answers and to reengineer and organize
a better relationship. This concept isn't new, but it is extremely important
and deserves our energies and resources. The idea also benefits ASEP too.
The more it helps individual members, the greater the likelihood of each
member remaining with ASEP. Hence, the strategy for growth is to do everything
possible for the individual exercise physiologist and, in time, ASEP will
get a greater share of all exercise physiologists (as members).
mostly a matter of emphasis on one-to-one relationship with each member
rather than a mass focus on a greater market share of all exercise physiologists.
The one-to-one marketer approach is expected to assist the individual exercise
physiologist grow and learn. ASEP must learn to manage members and relationships,
not the usual other stuff. The end result is an organization that is driven
to continuously help an existing base of exercise physiologists. In time,
non-members will become members as the loyal exercise physiologists introduce
the news of the Society through word-of-mouth referrals.
enhancing the relationship with existing members is important to the organization's
future stability. It will allow the Society to cultivate professional relationships
with members in virtually unlimited ways forever. It also allows for "tracking"
of individual members over time to learn better how to meet their needs
as they change. On way of course to do this is by email and various other
for example, customized information to members via FAX, forum, groupware,
and/or online services is a powerful personalized communication that is
increasingly relevant to maintaining a professional's competitive edge.
Interactivity between the member and ASEP is important as specialized needs
are realized. In this way, the member can look to ASEP for expansion and
growth ideas, research technologies, teaching patterns, correctness of
particular fads, and/or investments in new efforts to be recognized. After
all, it is the purpose of ASEP to help exercise physiologists. The more
the members are helped by ASEP the more the members will help ASEP. ASEP
is designed with membership loyalty in mind.
Relationships That Last a Lifetime
Boone, PhD, MPH, FASEP
a founding member of ASEP, it is important to share the following message
with other members. The message is,
are important to us. You are the single most important reason ASEP exists.
The Society is committed to you through the professionalization of exercise
physiology. The bottom line is that we don't want to lose you to another
as an organization, ASEP has to be committed to the members and, yes, the
members must be committed to the organization. That is the way it works.
I believe when member loyalty goes up, things get done. The organization
has established a "Member Relationship Committee" that members can contact
from anywhere in the world via email. The committee is designed to provide
continuity with the member. When there is a sense that something isn't
right, the member can email the committee and share his/her concerns.
hope this idea will allow for exchange of information, feelings, and ideas
that otherwise may be too sensitive to share by more traditional means.
The intent is to keep members from leaving ASEP should they may feel they
have no real power to address a particular issue.
is about exercise physiologists. ASEP membership of exercise physiologists
is important to why ASEP exists. The Member Relationship Committee puts
the emphasis on valuing the member, not maximizing ASEP as an organization
per se. It is about putting the member at the center of ASEP's strategy
to professionalize exercise physiology. Membership loyalty to ASEP will
also lead to increased support for ASEP's influence on a whole chain of
beneficial effects. In short, I believe that:
loyalty will keep ASEP in the forefront of professional issues in exercise
physiology: as members stay longer with ASEP, their involvement and productivity
will rise and time lost to educating new members will be less; members
overall satisfaction with ASEP will increase, combined with the knowledge
that they are critical to significant changes in the profession, and lead
to better thinking and services to the public sector; and as visionary
exercise physiologists become part of the loyalty-based system within ASEP,
other organizations will inevitably be left to do their work with less
in ASEP members is healthy, right, and necessary. We want to become "connoisseurs
of talent" by concentrating on finding and keeping not only knowledgeable
and skilled exercise physiologists, as members, but also accessing enthusiastic
members who understand that they are inseparable from ASEP.
from the obvious professional issues before ASEP, we also need to explore
new ways of interacting with our members. Perhaps, we can facilitate individual
and collaborative learning in ways we have not thought about. Then, too,
what opportunities have we not thought about with online web-based leadership
and development? Surely there must be dozens.
have before us an extraordinary opportunity to realize the enormous unmet
potential of our members and our profession. Archimedes said it best,
me a lever long enough and a place to stand, and I will move the world."
we, the members of ASEP, have that lever, it is the computer, and surely
it is long enough because it stretches around the world. Furthermore, we
have a place to stand, it is our home, the ASEP National Office. Nothing,
then, should stop us from seizing the opportunity to move forward with
professionalization, personal growth, and innovation.
Boone, PhD, MPH, FASEP
constitutes a world-class organization? In short, a world-class organization
is one that ranks among the best in the world. It offers to its members
an agenda that is head-to-head with the goals and objectives of the best
organizations anywhere. It doesn't necessarily mean that the organization
is the best every day of the year or even year after year, just that the
organization is able to give a good accounting of itself through its members.
Also, it doesn't necessarily mean big although size is important.
may be the best definition of a world-class organization. It is very likely
the key element in organizational performance. With it, an organization
can be small and yet impressive. Without it, an organization breaks down
and becomes useless to its members. Quality is therefore a prime factor
in establishing an organization as world-class.
quality attracts potential members who want to associate with others who
command a certain professional status. With regard to market share, it
doesn't have to be large (in comparison to other organizations) to be world-class
particularly if, in the eyes of the competitors, it has a good reputation.
That is, does the organization live up to its goals and objectives.
brings me to the central question of this piece. Is ASEP a world-class
organization? If not, why? First, to be fair to the ASEP members, the organization
was founded in 1997. It hasn't been around long enough to be considered
ASEP has functioned reasonably well with a handful of dedicated members,
it will do even better as more members join in the process. In a sense,
then, this is an obvious constraint at the moment. This, too, may be nothing
more than a product of ASEP's age. Once it has been around longer, participation
by members will change considerably. More members will be willing to do
what needs to be done now!
any organization, when members fail to assume critical roles in committee
work and so forth, it is yet another constraint that dictates just how
well an organization can perform. ASEP is no exception. Without committee
work to move an organization forward, the organization falls behind. This
point was made long ago by Benjamin Franklin who said,
must all hang together, or we shall surely hang separately."
H. William Dettmer (1998) pointed out recently that,
also live or die as complete systems, not as individual components."
must work synchronously to maximize the quality and reputation of an organization.
The members are responsible for defining where an organization is going:
is the purpose of ASEP?"
the purpose of an organization is imperative to effective organizational
development. What is the purpose of ASEP? Among the other highly regarded
goals and objectives, ASEP is an organization to professionalize exercise
physiology, but first consider, according to W. Edwards Deming, and I'm
obligation of any component (member) of an organization is to contribute
its (their) best to the system (ASEP), not to maximize its
if ASEP is to achieve the stated purpose, the efforts of all components
(everyone in ASEP) must contribute the very best to the organization. Working
in isolation is not the best way to improve the organization. Also, ASEP
members must be more concerned about the success or failure of the organization
than their personal needs, objectives, and agendas.
interests (such as one committee versus another)...but rather to
the whole system (ASEP)..."
organization requires its members to expand their thinking beyond themselves
and beyond the familiar, which reminds me of an excellent quotation by
an unknown author:
is the power to let go of the familiar."
what an organization can accomplish when its members look to new ways of
thinking to overcome problems. One way to redirect the thinking process
is to think outside the box. Navigating ideas out of the box encourages
breakthrough solutions and ideas to achieve the desired effect. The net
result is a wealth of options, creativity, and action.
here on, ASEP members should have an increased sense of responsibility
to each other. By satisfying the psychological needs of each other, everyone
will benefit. In the end, everyone will become highly sort after, effective
leaders in health, fitness, rehabilitation, and research, and the purpose
for beginning the Society will have been achieved.
Edwards Deming (1993). The new economics for industry, government, and
(Cambridge, Mass. Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
Center for Advanced Engineering Study).
William, Dettmer (1998). Breaking the constraints to world-class performance.
Quality Press: Wisconsin.
Robergs, PhD, FASEP
it confusing and disturbing that many exercise physiologists view that
ACSM is their professional organization. Of course, this is what officials
of ACSM continue to preach, and more so now that ASEP is functioning and
thriving. However, a simple, factual approach to this issue clearly shows
that ACSM is not an exercise physiology organization, that exercise physiologists
need a professional identity, and therefore that ASEP is needed.
started act on my beliefs that exercise physiology and exercise physiologists
deserved more professional recognition in February 1997. At this time I
also had questions concerning the functions of ACSM and a professional
exercise organization, and how these organizations would and should interact.
Afterall, I wanted to make sure that my thoughts, feelings, and decisions
were based on fact - a typical scientific approach. Consequently, I did
some of my own research, and a lot of reading.
Berryman’s text on the history of ACSM (2). To improve my understanding
of the history and development of exercise physiology, I read Massengale’s
and Swanson’s “The History of Exercise and Sport Science”(3), and in particular,
Buskirk’s (1) and Tipton’s (5) chapters on the history of exercise physiology.
I read past mission statements of ACSM, and investigated ACSM membership
statistics, contributions to research and publication by discipline category,
and extensively documented the other organizations that relate to exercise
physiology that exist in the USA and other countries (4).
research and reading led me to write a somewhat frank report of the history
of ACSM and exercise physiology (4). Since March 1997 I have mailed a copy
of this report, upon request from replies to several of my internet postings
to sportsci.org, to more than fifty exercise physiologists.
that ASEP is functional, and gaining increasing support, it is apparent
that I once again need to lay down some basic facts about the co-existence
of ASEP and ACSM. It is best to start with the basic questions that form
the foundation of ASEP, and clarify the functions of ASEP and ACSM.
What is a profession? Tommy Boone has detailed answers to this question
in sections of the ASEP website. However, it is clear that a profession
is characterized by many features, some of which include - representation
by a professional organization, adhering to prefessional standards and
ethics, self regulation of education, training, and professional certification/licensure,
What is a professional organization?The organization of a profession
is formed and exists to represent the profession. The organization consists
solely of members who are, or intend to be, working in the profession,
or have been allowed special membership status.
Does exercise physiology need professional status and professional representation?Obviously
myself and many other exercise physiologists think exercise physiology
should become a profession. However, it is important that you know why.
Unfortunately, explaining why is not a simple process as there is no clear
distinction, or line to cross, that reveals the need for professionalism.
In addition, many could argue that the process of professionalization is
not a discrete event, but a process that is continually evolving, hopefully
to bigger and better ideals.
you think that exercise physiologists should have control/influence over
who they are, how they are trained, what they do, and how they are recognized
by society, then they need a professional organization. If you think that
exercise physiologists are inadequately recognized for their talents and
knowledge, then they need a professional organization. If you think that
potential students in exercise science and exercise physiology are persuaded
against entering the field because of inadequate professional status, then
they need a professional organization. If you think that exercise physiologists
have the responsibility to develop their own discipline and profession,
then they need a professional organization. If you think that society will
be better educated and informed about exercise if exercise physiologists
are given more responsibility and attain increased acceptance by society,
then they need a professional organization. I could continue, but I think
you get the point.
Who are the members of ACSM? Based on 1996 membership statistics, ACSM
is comprised of approximately 25 different membership groups ranging from
students, Ph.D. exercise physiologists, medical doctors, physical therapists,
nutritionists and biochemists. Based on professional membership groups,
ACSM has 33.6% (4,435) of its membership from clinical and applied exercise
physiologists, 29.3% (3,869) from medicine, and 22.5% (2,970) from “other”
miscellaneous professions (4).
Is ACSM an exercise physiology organization? Based on the previous
1996 membership statistics, the answer is a clear NO. ACSM is no more an
exercise physiology organization, than it is a cardiology, orthopedics,
family and general practitioner, applied physiologist, or applied biochemist
Is ACSM a professional organization? One again, based on the membership
statistics, ACSM is not a professional organization. It certainly is an
organization that consists of professionals, but ACSM was not developed
to represent and focus attention on any one of the disciplines/professions
that serves it. Based on my reading from Berryman (1), the following quote
from the Interdisciplinary Coordination and Advisory Committee of ACSM,
in 1968 read, “Sports medicine draws from the various professions but does
not absorb them. A mutual understanding and respect among these professions,
therefore, is necessary for the promotion of the ideals of sports medicine.
The meaning of sports medicine is its responsibility to share, respect,
and synthesize the interprofessional implications of these components.”
If ACSM is not a professional organization for exercise physiologists,
then why do so many exercise physiologists view it as their organization?
I cannot answer this question without making a few enemies. However, I
believe that an open discussion of the potential answers to this question
is very needed. First of all, the history of ACSM reveals that for the
organization to succeed in the US, it required the support of physical
educators and physicians. Afterall , physical educators made up 8 of the
11 original founders, and it was the three founding cardiologists of ACSM
who realized that exercise professionals could make a significant contribution
to better understanding how exercise influenced health and well being.
1954, when ACSM was formed, exercise physiology was an integral component
of physical education, and the strong physical education influence in the
early ACSM directed attention of exercise physiologists towards supporting
ACSM. In hindsight, I am somewhat frustrated by my exercise physiology
predecessors. If as much attention had been given to the professional needs
of exercise physiologists during the 1960s and 1970s as was given to ACSM,
then we would not be needing to ask and answer all these questions.
the 1970s, exercise physiologists became even more side-tracked. During
the period from 1974 to 1983 there were 7 presidents who were classic exercise
physiologists. It is no surprise that this period led to the development
of the guidelines for exercise testing manual, ACSM certifications, and
ACSM position statements. Despite the overwhelming contribution to all
these functions and products by exercise physiologists, little credit for
this work and knowledge filtered down to the discipline of exercise physiology.
the history of ACSM is indebted to exercise physiologists, and perhaps
this is why there is a lingering feeling of “belonging” to ACSM. However,
as I have already mentioned in previous questions and answers, the exercise
physiology contribution to ACSM does not mean that exercise physiologists
are ACSM, or that ACSM is exercise physiology. Rather, it should be that
ACSM is cognizant of the contributions exercise physiology has made to
ACSM, and in return, they should be totally supportive of the need for
a professional exercise physiology organization.
Why does ACSM remain unsupportive of ASEP despite supporting other professional
organizations? ACSM allows many other organizations that serve ACSM
to have their own professional organization. Apart from the obvious medical
and allied health (eg. physical therapy) organizations, other exercise
science disciplines also have professional status - athletic training,
biomechanics, sports psychology. The fact that ACSM is against the professional
development of exercise physiology is a huge anachronism to how they view
other membership categories/disciplines.
is not against ACSM. ASEP and ACSM can function together and follow each
other’s missions independently and without conflict or repetition. However,
it is my belief that ACSM officials are being terribly unprofessional in
their current views on ASEP and their own relations to exercise physiology
and exercise physiologists. I would urge ACSM officials to do their own
reading of the history of ACSM and exercise physiology. They might be enlightened
by what they find !
you will agree that responses and comments like the ones I have made are
needed, and preferably, in a format that all members of ACSM, and all exercise
physiologists could immediately respond to. We have politely asked ACSM
for such a forum, but they have refused. If ACSM feels that they should
represent execise physiologists, then let us all (ACSM officials, exerise
physiologists, and ASEP officials) sit down and discuss this topic together
in a professional format and atmosphere. The topic of the future of exercise
physiology and exercsie physiologists is a bigger and more important issue
that that of the success of ACSM or ASEP.
Berryman J.W. Out of many one: A history of the American College of Sports
Medicine. Human Kinetics, Champaign, Illinois, 1995.
Buskirk E.R. Exercise physiology. Part I: Early history in the United States.
p. 367-395, in Masengale J.D. and R.A. Swanson. (editors) The history of
exercise and sport science. Human Kinetics, Champaign, Illinois, 1997.
Masengale J.D. and R.A. Swanson. (editors) The history of exercise and
sport science. Human Kinetics, Champaign, Illinois, 1997.
Robergs R.A. ACSM and exercise physiology: Past, present and future. unpublished
Tipton C.M. Exercise physiology. Part II. A contemporary historical perspective.
p. 396-438, in Masengale J.D. and R.A. Swanson. (editors) The history of
exercise and sport science. Human Kinetics, Champaign, Illinois, 1997.
Table of Contents