Vol 3 No 1
January, 1999
ISSN 1097-9743 
ASEPNewsletter is devoted to informative articles and news items about exercise physiology. It is a monthly magazine of news, opinions, exercise physiology professionals, and events that shape exercise physiology. While it contains views and opinions of the Editor who oversees the ASEP Internet Websites, visitors can have a voice as well. We welcome interested practitioners, researchers, and academicians to e-mail the Publisher their thoughts and ideas or to respond directly via the ASEP Public Forum
February 1999
--- ASEP News ---
President's Report
Dr. Robert Robergs of the University of New Mexico has just recently submitted his "President's Report." To read the complete report, click on December 1998. In brief, Dr. Robergs discusses: (1) the dates, times, and place of the 2nd Annual Meeting of ASEP; (2) the conversion of the JEPonline publishing format to the more traditonal format with double columns and formatted tables and figures; (3) committee functions; (4) ASEP student chapters; (5) membership goal for 1999; (6) international issues and more!

Student Chapters
There are two official ASEP Student Chapters. The first chapter of student exercise physiologists was founded at the University of New Mexico. The second was started at the College of St. Scholastica. There will be more! Plans are in the works to contact ASEP members who are college/university teachers to start chapters at their school. As time permits, you may want to click on the Student Chapter By-Laws and Constitution. Also, to any ASEP member who works in a setting (e.g., hospital, wellness, or fitness center) with other exercise physiologists, you can start a chapter there as well. How about that for creativity? If you are interested in starting a chapter, contact the ASEP National Office (218-723-6297) or email

Be sure to click on the January 1999 issue of ASEP's exercise physiology journal. There are several research articles for your enjoyment. The titles and authors are:

Physical and psychosocial responses to exercise in cancer patients: A two-year follow-up survey with prostate, leukemia, and general carcinoma
Eric P. Durak, Paula C. Lilly, and Jennifer L. Hackworth

Endurance performance effects of hyperoxic vs. normoxic breathing during interval training in female cyclists
Jeanne F. Nichols, David W. Douglass, Michael J. Burono, Shay McKelvey, and Simon Marshall

Glycerol hyperhydration alters cardiovascular and renal function
Paul Montner, Yen Zou, Robert A. Robergs, Greg Murata, Dan Stark, Chris Quinn, Steve Wood, Deb Lium, and Ernest R. Greene

204 members!
That's correct! We are an organization of 200+ members. Not bad for the first year! Thanks to everyone who has taken the time to read the ASEP web pages, and has joined the Society. Thank you.

To become a member, print the Membership Application and forward it to the ASEP National Office, or call an ASEP representative at (218) 723-6297, or visit additional web sites for more information via the Table of Contents.

Just for fun:Current weather at ASEP National Office

Several brief papers are part of the January 1999 ASEPNewsletter to stress the importance of members and why ASEP exists.

Rediscovering our members
Membership relationships that last a lifetime
The ASEP organization
Guest Editorials - Anybody?
The ASEPNewsletter is seeking guest editorials -- brief commentaries on a wide variety of issues. Everyone involved in health, fitness, rehabilitation, and sports, including medical, business, management, psychology, teachers, and students -- is welcome to share insights, concerns, points and counterpoints on any issue that impinges upon the exercise physiology profession, including the changing role of exercise physiology, professional directions, clinical workplace dilemmas, ethical issues, politics and organizations, licensure and regulatory issues, certification, education, technology, professional associations, mentoring, relationship among exercise physiology professionals, healthcare providers, and healthcare workers.

To contribute a guest editorial, send, FAX (218)723-6472), or e-mail ( an essay and a brief biography. Send your contribution to ASEP National Office, College of St. Scholastica, Department of Exercise Physiology, 1200 Kenwood Ave., Duluth, MN 55811.

Turning ideas into reality
I am reminded of Joseph Conrad's words, "I don't like work -- no person does -- but I like what is in work -- the chance to find yourself. Your own reality -- for yourself, not for others -- what no other person can ever know." In a sense, I believe, ASEP is the work of the members and, in the process of finding ourselves, we discover who we are.

2nd Annual Meeting of ASEP
The 2nd annual meeting of ASEP members will take place during October 14-16, 1999 in Albuquerque, NM at the Wyndham Hotel.
Two of ASEP's research articles from JEPonline are referenced in "Articles Archive" along with other articles published in the Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise and The Physician and Sportsmedicine journals. Check it out!

I re-read our Presidents' February 16, 1998 comments regarding ASEP and ACSM. His analysis is excellent reading and, therefore, I present his thoughts as previously presented in the ASEP Public Forum for Exercise Physiologists. We would be interested in publishing your thoughts as well. As a member of ASEP, the ASEPNewsletter belongs to you.

Additional food for thought is available in the Professionalization of Exercise Physiologyonlinejournal.

Interesting web sites
MAF Fitness Newsletter
Fitness Message Board

Web sites by ASEP members!
Odyssey Sport Technology

[NEW]Take a look at this site.  It belongs to one of our own!  ASEP member Elaine George, M.A. is committed to innovation and successful development of sport and outdoor products.  What we offer... is an excellent page for analyzing the services of Odyssey Sport Technology.

Medical Health & Fitness

This site belongs to Eric P. Durak who is dedicated to promoting health and exercise through special products designed to improve the quality of life for cancer patients.  This is also an excellent contact point with a professional in who can make a difference in the quality of living.

Turning Ideas Into Reality
Tommy Boone, PhD, MPH, FASEP

Recently, I got an email regarding the ASEP pages that was interesting. I read it, and I was delighted. There is at least one really interested person who clicks on the ASEP web sites several times each week. I felt really good about the just ONE email because I don't hear a lot about whether the pages are helpful to exercise physiologists. A "thank you" for the work involved in creating and maintaining the pages came at the right time. I am still motivated, and this piece is my effort to keep offering information to think about. This piece is dedicated to those who continue to endure to the end.

I remember just a few years ago there was no discussion about the professoinalization of exercise physiology. Now, however, I even hear my students occasionally talking about professionalism. I understand they are looking at the positive side of things. Their thoughts today are about getting a handle on getting ahead and looking for more. They tell me that they don't worry so much about their future, and that exercise physiology is in a unique position in history.

ASEP is not a cure for the lack of an organized history, but it does focus on positive things. Above all, I understand that it makes each and every exercise physiologist responsible for the profession. The point being: this is a beginning of a lifelong, marvelous uplifting of exercise physiologists. This thinking is relatively simple but it is not miniscule. Incredibly, it may be the most significant concentrated effort by exercise physiologists to stimulate responsible action. It opens all of us to new ideas, and it arms us with a way to think that is surprisingly at the heart of our need to reengineer the profession.

We need passionate members of the profession who are stirred by the right thing to do. Fortunately, there are increasingly more positive thinkers with good habits and a commitment to build a profession. This point is particularly provocative because it gives direction while gaining momentum day-by-day. Once discovered, a little bit of each of us is hooked. There is nothing more powerful than enlightened people. They will do almost anything to turn ideas into realities. They are "great men" who understand that purpose and dreams are more important than any material and/or political position that typically rules the individual. They persist in their efforts when others drop out. They protest when ideas are fashioned out of negative thoughts.

The most important thing is -- don't just read the ASEP web pages. Use them. Do something about them. Try them out by thinking differently. You will find them as a force to explore, influence, and understand the profession. So, with this in mind, let's return to the men and women of ASEP. In order to understand them, I am reminded of Joseph Conrad's words, "I don't like work -- no person does -- but I like what is in work -- the chance to find yourself. Your own reality -- for yourself, not for others -- what no other person can ever know." In a sense, I believe, ASEP is the work of the members. In the process of making dreams come true, it is the chance to discover who we are.

Focusing on the intent of Conrad's words, two points are clear. First, ASEP members have decided what their future should be and, second, they have become stronger by living it. They are different from other exercise physiologists because they have made a commitment to build the profession. The destiny of the profession will not be determined by non-members. Instead, it will grow out of excitment and enthusiasm of ASEP members. They are, in reality, as ONE with the faith of a mustard seed. Since it was planted with the founding of ASEP in 1997, it has grown into an organization, producing action, beliefs, and service. 

Rediscovering Our Members
Tommy Boone, PhD, MPH, FASEP

After reading just a few electronic pages of the ASEP websites, it should be obvious that ASEP is an organization with the member in mind. The relationship between the two is important and, as stated in earlier documents, ASEP exists for the members. The members do not exist for ASEP. That is an important distinct between ASEP and other professional organizations.

But that's not enough. It is also imperative that ASEP acts on behalf of empowering the members. One way of doing so is through the development of an increasingly better relationship with the members. It's time to look at the members and encourage a relationship that makes success possible for everyone. From this perspective, members provide important information about their professional preferences, needs, and dreams. ASEP learns how to better serve the members more effectively as it comes to understand exactly what the members want.

The more exercise physiology members communicate with ASEP, the better position ASEP will be in to find the right answers and to reengineer and organize a better relationship. This concept isn't new, but it is extremely important and deserves our energies and resources. The idea also benefits ASEP too. The more it helps individual members, the greater the likelihood of each member remaining with ASEP. Hence, the strategy for growth is to do everything possible for the individual exercise physiologist and, in time, ASEP will get a greater share of all exercise physiologists (as members).

It's mostly a matter of emphasis on one-to-one relationship with each member rather than a mass focus on a greater market share of all exercise physiologists. The one-to-one marketer approach is expected to assist the individual exercise physiologist grow and learn. ASEP must learn to manage members and relationships, not the usual other stuff. The end result is an organization that is driven to continuously help an existing base of exercise physiologists. In time, non-members will become members as the loyal exercise physiologists introduce the news of the Society through word-of-mouth referrals.

Hence, enhancing the relationship with existing members is important to the organization's future stability. It will allow the Society to cultivate professional relationships with members in virtually unlimited ways forever. It also allows for "tracking" of individual members over time to learn better how to meet their needs as they change. On way of course to do this is by email and various other computing capabilities.

Providing, for example, customized information to members via FAX, forum, groupware, and/or online services is a powerful personalized communication that is increasingly relevant to maintaining a professional's competitive edge. Interactivity between the member and ASEP is important as specialized needs are realized. In this way, the member can look to ASEP for expansion and growth ideas, research technologies, teaching patterns, correctness of particular fads, and/or investments in new efforts to be recognized. After all, it is the purpose of ASEP to help exercise physiologists. The more the members are helped by ASEP the more the members will help ASEP. ASEP is designed with membership loyalty in mind.

Member Relationships That Last a Lifetime
Tommy Boone, PhD, MPH, FASEP

As a founding member of ASEP, it is important to share the following message with other members. The message is,

"You are important to us. You are the single most important reason ASEP exists. The Society is committed to you through the professionalization of exercise physiology. The bottom line is that we don't want to lose you to another organization."
To grow as an organization, ASEP has to be committed to the members and, yes, the members must be committed to the organization. That is the way it works. I believe when member loyalty goes up, things get done. The organization grows.

ASEP has established a "Member Relationship Committee" that members can contact from anywhere in the world via email. The committee is designed to provide continuity with the member. When there is a sense that something isn't right, the member can email the committee and share his/her concerns.

We hope this idea will allow for exchange of information, feelings, and ideas that otherwise may be too sensitive to share by more traditional means. The intent is to keep members from leaving ASEP should they may feel they have no real power to address a particular issue.

ASEP is about exercise physiologists. ASEP membership of exercise physiologists is important to why ASEP exists. The Member Relationship Committee puts the emphasis on valuing the member, not maximizing ASEP as an organization per se. It is about putting the member at the center of ASEP's strategy to professionalize exercise physiology. Membership loyalty to ASEP will also lead to increased support for ASEP's influence on a whole chain of beneficial effects. In short, I believe that:

"Increased loyalty will keep ASEP in the forefront of professional issues in exercise physiology: as members stay longer with ASEP, their involvement and productivity will rise and time lost to educating new members will be less; members overall satisfaction with ASEP will increase, combined with the knowledge that they are critical to significant changes in the profession, and lead to better thinking and services to the public sector; and as visionary exercise physiologists become part of the loyalty-based system within ASEP, other organizations will inevitably be left to do their work with less talented members."
Our interest in ASEP members is healthy, right, and necessary. We want to become "connoisseurs of talent" by concentrating on finding and keeping not only knowledgeable and skilled exercise physiologists, as members, but also accessing enthusiastic members who understand that they are inseparable from ASEP.

Aside from the obvious professional issues before ASEP, we also need to explore new ways of interacting with our members. Perhaps, we can facilitate individual and collaborative learning in ways we have not thought about. Then, too, what opportunities have we not thought about with online web-based leadership and development? Surely there must be dozens.

We have before us an extraordinary opportunity to realize the enormous unmet potential of our members and our profession. Archimedes said it best,

"Give me a lever long enough and a place to stand, and I will move the world."
Well, we, the members of ASEP, have that lever, it is the computer, and surely it is long enough because it stretches around the world. Furthermore, we have a place to stand, it is our home, the ASEP National Office. Nothing, then, should stop us from seizing the opportunity to move forward with professionalization, personal growth, and innovation. 

The ASEP Organization
Tommy Boone, PhD, MPH, FASEP

What constitutes a world-class organization? In short, a world-class organization is one that ranks among the best in the world. It offers to its members an agenda that is head-to-head with the goals and objectives of the best organizations anywhere. It doesn't necessarily mean that the organization is the best every day of the year or even year after year, just that the organization is able to give a good accounting of itself through its members. Also, it doesn't necessarily mean big although size is important.

Quality may be the best definition of a world-class organization. It is very likely the key element in organizational performance. With it, an organization can be small and yet impressive. Without it, an organization breaks down and becomes useless to its members. Quality is therefore a prime factor in establishing an organization as world-class.

Clearly, quality attracts potential members who want to associate with others who command a certain professional status. With regard to market share, it doesn't have to be large (in comparison to other organizations) to be world-class particularly if, in the eyes of the competitors, it has a good reputation. That is, does the organization live up to its goals and objectives.

This brings me to the central question of this piece. Is ASEP a world-class organization? If not, why? First, to be fair to the ASEP members, the organization was founded in 1997. It hasn't been around long enough to be considered world-class.

Although ASEP has functioned reasonably well with a handful of dedicated members, it will do even better as more members join in the process. In a sense, then, this is an obvious constraint at the moment. This, too, may be nothing more than a product of ASEP's age. Once it has been around longer, participation by members will change considerably. More members will be willing to do what needs to be done now!

In any organization, when members fail to assume critical roles in committee work and so forth, it is yet another constraint that dictates just how well an organization can perform. ASEP is no exception. Without committee work to move an organization forward, the organization falls behind. This point was made long ago by Benjamin Franklin who said,

"We must all hang together, or we shall surely hang separately."
Similarly, H. William Dettmer (1998) pointed out recently that,
"Organizations also live or die as complete systems, not as individual components."
The members must work synchronously to maximize the quality and reputation of an organization. The members are responsible for defining where an organization is going:
"What is the purpose of ASEP?"
Knowing the purpose of an organization is imperative to effective organizational development. What is the purpose of ASEP? Among the other highly regarded goals and objectives, ASEP is an organization to professionalize exercise physiology, but first consider, according to W. Edwards Deming, and I'm paraphrasing,
"...the obligation of any component (member) of an organization is to contribute its (their) best to the system (ASEP), not to maximize its
own interests (such as one committee versus another)...but rather to
optimize the whole system (ASEP)..."
Hence, if ASEP is to achieve the stated purpose, the efforts of all components (everyone in ASEP) must contribute the very best to the organization. Working in isolation is not the best way to improve the organization. Also, ASEP members must be more concerned about the success or failure of the organization than their personal needs, objectives, and agendas.

A world-class organization requires its members to expand their thinking beyond themselves and beyond the familiar, which reminds me of an excellent quotation by an unknown author:

"Courage is the power to let go of the familiar."
Imagine what an organization can accomplish when its members look to new ways of thinking to overcome problems. One way to redirect the thinking process is to think outside the box. Navigating ideas out of the box encourages breakthrough solutions and ideas to achieve the desired effect. The net result is a wealth of options, creativity, and action.

From here on, ASEP members should have an increased sense of responsibility to each other. By satisfying the psychological needs of each other, everyone will benefit. In the end, everyone will become highly sort after, effective leaders in health, fitness, rehabilitation, and research, and the purpose for beginning the Society will have been achieved. 


W. Edwards Deming (1993). The new economics for industry, government, and education (Cambridge, Mass. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Center for Advanced Engineering Study).

H. William, Dettmer (1998). Breaking the constraints to world-class performance. Quality Press: Wisconsin. 

Robert Robergs, PhD, FASEP
ASEP President

I find it confusing and disturbing that many exercise physiologists view that ACSM is their professional organization. Of course, this is what officials of ACSM continue to preach, and more so now that ASEP is functioning and thriving. However, a simple, factual approach to this issue clearly shows that ACSM is not an exercise physiology organization, that exercise physiologists need a professional identity, and therefore that ASEP is needed.

I first started act on my beliefs that exercise physiology and exercise physiologists deserved more professional recognition in February 1997. At this time I also had questions concerning the functions of ACSM and a professional exercise organization, and how these organizations would and should interact. Afterall, I wanted to make sure that my thoughts, feelings, and decisions were based on fact - a typical scientific approach. Consequently, I did some of my own research, and a lot of reading.

I read Berryman’s text on the history of ACSM (2). To improve my understanding of the history and development of exercise physiology, I read Massengale’s and Swanson’s “The History of Exercise and Sport Science”(3), and in particular, Buskirk’s (1) and Tipton’s (5) chapters on the history of exercise physiology. I read past mission statements of ACSM, and investigated ACSM membership statistics, contributions to research and publication by discipline category, and extensively documented the other organizations that relate to exercise physiology that exist in the USA and other countries (4).

My research and reading led me to write a somewhat frank report of the history of ACSM and exercise physiology (4). Since March 1997 I have mailed a copy of this report, upon request from replies to several of my internet postings to, to more than fifty exercise physiologists.

Now that ASEP is functional, and gaining increasing support, it is apparent that I once again need to lay down some basic facts about the co-existence of ASEP and ACSM. It is best to start with the basic questions that form the foundation of ASEP, and clarify the functions of ASEP and ACSM.

1) What is a profession? Tommy Boone has detailed answers to this question in sections of the ASEP website. However, it is clear that a profession is characterized by many features, some of which include - representation by a professional organization, adhering to prefessional standards and ethics, self regulation of education, training, and professional certification/licensure, etc.

2) What is a professional organization?The organization of a profession is formed and exists to represent the profession. The organization consists solely of members who are, or intend to be, working in the profession, or have been allowed special membership status.

3) Does exercise physiology need professional status and professional representation?Obviously myself and many other exercise physiologists think exercise physiology should become a profession. However, it is important that you know why. Unfortunately, explaining why is not a simple process as there is no clear distinction, or line to cross, that reveals the need for professionalism. In addition, many could argue that the process of professionalization is not a discrete event, but a process that is continually evolving, hopefully to bigger and better ideals.

If you think that exercise physiologists should have control/influence over who they are, how they are trained, what they do, and how they are recognized by society, then they need a professional organization. If you think that exercise physiologists are inadequately recognized for their talents and knowledge, then they need a professional organization. If you think that potential students in exercise science and exercise physiology are persuaded against entering the field because of inadequate professional status, then they need a professional organization. If you think that exercise physiologists have the responsibility to develop their own discipline and profession, then they need a professional organization. If you think that society will be better educated and informed about exercise if exercise physiologists are given more responsibility and attain increased acceptance by society, then they need a professional organization. I could continue, but I think you get the point.

4) Who are the members of ACSM? Based on 1996 membership statistics, ACSM is comprised of approximately 25 different membership groups ranging from students, Ph.D. exercise physiologists, medical doctors, physical therapists, nutritionists and biochemists. Based on professional membership groups, ACSM has 33.6% (4,435) of its membership from clinical and applied exercise physiologists, 29.3% (3,869) from medicine, and 22.5% (2,970) from “other” miscellaneous professions (4).

5) Is ACSM an exercise physiology organization? Based on the previous 1996 membership statistics, the answer is a clear NO. ACSM is no more an exercise physiology organization, than it is a cardiology, orthopedics, family and general practitioner, applied physiologist, or applied biochemist organization.

6) Is ACSM a professional organization? One again, based on the membership statistics, ACSM is not a professional organization. It certainly is an organization that consists of professionals, but ACSM was not developed to represent and focus attention on any one of the disciplines/professions that serves it. Based on my reading from Berryman (1), the following quote from the Interdisciplinary Coordination and Advisory Committee of ACSM, in 1968 read, “Sports medicine draws from the various professions but does not absorb them. A mutual understanding and respect among these professions, therefore, is necessary for the promotion of the ideals of sports medicine. The meaning of sports medicine is its responsibility to share, respect, and synthesize the interprofessional implications of these components.”

7) If ACSM is not a professional organization for exercise physiologists, then why do so many exercise physiologists view it as their organization? I cannot answer this question without making a few enemies. However, I believe that an open discussion of the potential answers to this question is very needed. First of all, the history of ACSM reveals that for the organization to succeed in the US, it required the support of physical educators and physicians. Afterall , physical educators made up 8 of the 11 original founders, and it was the three founding cardiologists of ACSM who realized that exercise professionals could make a significant contribution to better understanding how exercise influenced health and well being.

In 1954, when ACSM was formed, exercise physiology was an integral component of physical education, and the strong physical education influence in the early ACSM directed attention of exercise physiologists towards supporting ACSM. In hindsight, I am somewhat frustrated by my exercise physiology predecessors. If as much attention had been given to the professional needs of exercise physiologists during the 1960s and 1970s as was given to ACSM, then we would not be needing to ask and answer all these questions.

During the 1970s, exercise physiologists became even more side-tracked. During the period from 1974 to 1983 there were 7 presidents who were classic exercise physiologists. It is no surprise that this period led to the development of the guidelines for exercise testing manual, ACSM certifications, and ACSM position statements. Despite the overwhelming contribution to all these functions and products by exercise physiologists, little credit for this work and knowledge filtered down to the discipline of exercise physiology.

Clearly, the history of ACSM is indebted to exercise physiologists, and perhaps this is why there is a lingering feeling of “belonging” to ACSM. However, as I have already mentioned in previous questions and answers, the exercise physiology contribution to ACSM does not mean that exercise physiologists are ACSM, or that ACSM is exercise physiology. Rather, it should be that ACSM is cognizant of the contributions exercise physiology has made to ACSM, and in return, they should be totally supportive of the need for a professional exercise physiology organization.

8) Why does ACSM remain unsupportive of ASEP despite supporting other professional organizations? ACSM allows many other organizations that serve ACSM to have their own professional organization. Apart from the obvious medical and allied health (eg. physical therapy) organizations, other exercise science disciplines also have professional status - athletic training, biomechanics, sports psychology. The fact that ACSM is against the professional development of exercise physiology is a huge anachronism to how they view other membership categories/disciplines.

ASEP is not against ACSM. ASEP and ACSM can function together and follow each other’s missions independently and without conflict or repetition. However, it is my belief that ACSM officials are being terribly unprofessional in their current views on ASEP and their own relations to exercise physiology and exercise physiologists. I would urge ACSM officials to do their own reading of the history of ACSM and exercise physiology. They might be enlightened by what they find !

I think you will agree that responses and comments like the ones I have made are needed, and preferably, in a format that all members of ACSM, and all exercise physiologists could immediately respond to. We have politely asked ACSM for such a forum, but they have refused. If ACSM feels that they should represent execise physiologists, then let us all (ACSM officials, exerise physiologists, and ASEP officials) sit down and discuss this topic together in a professional format and atmosphere. The topic of the future of exercise physiology and exercsie physiologists is a bigger and more important issue that that of the success of ACSM or ASEP.


1. Berryman J.W. Out of many one: A history of the American College of Sports Medicine. Human Kinetics, Champaign, Illinois, 1995.

2. Buskirk E.R. Exercise physiology. Part I: Early history in the United States. p. 367-395, in Masengale J.D. and R.A. Swanson. (editors) The history of exercise and sport science. Human Kinetics, Champaign, Illinois, 1997.

3. Masengale J.D. and R.A. Swanson. (editors) The history of exercise and sport science. Human Kinetics, Champaign, Illinois, 1997.

4. Robergs R.A. ACSM and exercise physiology: Past, present and future. unpublished document, 1997.

5. Tipton C.M. Exercise physiology. Part II. A contemporary historical perspective. p. 396-438, in Masengale J.D. and R.A. Swanson. (editors) The history of exercise and sport science. Human Kinetics, Champaign, Illinois, 1997.

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