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Thank you for being part of our community. ASEP is the specific voice for (historically under-represented) Exercise Physiologists.
Please use this Newsletter as a link to ASEP resources from scientific
journals to professional papers, to employment and related
opportunities. And be sure to click on "More On Us" at the left for the
ASEP-Newsletter's parent web site.
Yours in health,
-Lonnie Lowery and Jonathan Mike, ASEP-Newsletter Editors
The Vocational - Professional - Scholarly Spectrum
have heard it as many times as I have: the ongoing differences in
opinion between professors or instructors who value either A.)
Preparing students for the workforce or B.) Preparing students to be
scholars. Sometimes the difference lies in the level of education that
the educators themselves have had. Sometimes it's a difference in value
system; some see their responsibility as one that feeds their
profession while others feel an obligation and interest in passing
along their knowledge to a new generation of problem solvers and
this debate can become rather negative, with the vocational/
professional types seeing the researcher-scholars as elitist or lacking
in "real world" experience while the researchers may look down on their
counterparts as limited or somehow "lower level". I've discussed this
kind of rift with professors from biology to nutrition to sociology.
Sometimes a profession as a whole leans toward one end of the spectrum.
think Exercise Physiology can be a unique example of how a discipline
can embrace both ends of the spectrum. Our relatively rich history in
the lab has created scholars of a caliber that can stand alongside the
best in any scientific field. And, although (for various political and
historical reasons) we are late to the table in licensed professional
settings, we have a unique skill set that is exactly what the Western
world needs on many levels. Putting these two characteristics together
in a sort of 'translational research' way could make EPs very valuable
and influential indeed. And the federal government is funding exactly
this kind of project lately.
this month I'm asking you as a reader to evaluate where you lie on the
spectrum and to honestly see if your biases could be a barrier to EP
progress. If we can set aside differences or biases and work together,
I think we'll not only be candidates for increased government funding,
but we'll be a little ahead of some other professions that lack our
breadth along the spectrum
Lonnie Lowery, PhD
|Ask the EP
| Q: What is the frequency of the use of anabolic steroids?
exposure gives the underlying belief that the use of
performance-enhancing drugs, specifically anabolic steroids and GH
(growth hormone) are rampant among professional athletes. The scientific evidence among the prevalence of the nonmedical use of androgens within the U.S.A. is very limited.
A recent report has indicated that since 1993 the lifetime use of
androgens for nonmedical reasons has remained at a consistent 1% in the
college student population (1). Considering that there are more than 40
million college graduates in this country (2), it can be estimated that
more than 400,000 college graduates have used androgens during their
lifetime. In addition, a recent survey has suggested that nearly half
of all users of androgens hold a college degree (3). Considering that
half do not, it may be further extrapolated that more than 800,000
individuals in the U.S.A. have used androgens during their lifetime.
However, most surveys examining the nonmedical use of androgens have
focused on collegiate and adolescent students and athletes.
Adult use is generally limited to surveys of individuals who are self administering androgens. However,
with the adult population,, the median age of individuals using
androgens is 29 years, with nearly half of them holding at least a
bachelors degree and more than 5% of self-admitted
users holding a terminal degree (e.g., JD,MD or PhD) (3). Most adult
users of androgens in the U.S.A. are whites (88.5%) and employed as
professionals with yearly income exceeding that of the general
the primary reason for drug use among the general population of
androgen users appears to be related to increases in strength and
muscle mass and wanting to ''look good'' (3,4). In addition to
appearance, other reasons for drug use include reduction of body fat,
improvement to mood, and attraction of sexual partners. Interestingly,
of the 1,955 androgen-using males surveyed bodybuilding and sports
performance were either not motivation for androgen use or of little
importance (3). Often, media reports have focused on
performance-enhancing drug use in professional athletes and youth, however
the majority of adults who self-administer androgens for nonmedical
purposes appear to be intelligent, economically stable, white men who
are not competitive athletes.
this is a rather brief description of the frequency of use of anabolic
steroids, it helps to be objective. From the above paragraphs, the fact
is that most of the individuals that use performance-enhancing drugs
are the regular "gym rats" that are doing it mainly for cosmetic
Jonathan Mike, MS, CSCS, USAW, NSCA-CPT,
Doctoral Student, Assistant Editor
1). McCabe, SE, Bower, KJ, West, BT, Nelson, TF, and Wechsler, H.
Trends in non-medical use of anabolic steroids by U.S. college
students: Results from four national surveys. Drug Alcohol Depend
90: 243-251, 2007.
2). National Science Foundation (NSF). 2003 College Graduates in the
U.S. Workforce: A Profile. NSF 06-304. 2005.
3). Cohen, J, Collins, R, Darkes, J, and Gwartney, D. A league of their
own: demographics, motivations and patterns of use of 1,955 male
adult non-medical anabolic steroid users in the United States. J Int
Soc Sports Nutr 11: 4-12, 2007.
4). Hoffman, JR, Faigenbaum, AD, Ratamess, NA, Ross, R, Kang, J, and
Tenenbaum, G. Nutritional and anabolic steroid use in adolescents.
Advertisements & Announcements
|Opportunities Related to Exercise Physiology
The Department of Kinesiology at the University of New Hampshire...
is currently seeking applicants for a tenure track appointment in
Exercise Science at the Assistant or Associate Professor level. ...more information...
Community Announcement: Iron Radio.org
has issued a call for brief submissions from EP students or
professionals interested in getting their first involvement in
legitimate Internet / pod casting settings. Opinions on professional
issues or micro reviews and recent research are welcomed. Students'
audio submissions (see National Public Radio (NPR]) and / or the Iron Radio.org web
site for examples) will be editor-reviewed by ASEP-Newsletter Editors
Dr. Lonnie Lowery and Jonathan Mike. The submissions should be 300-500
word essays read aloud and recorded with Windows Sound Recorder or
similar software and sent via email to Lonman7@hotmail.com. Iron Radio.org is not ASEP-affiliated.
Thank you for perusing our opinions, facts and opportunities in this edition of the ASEP-Newsletter.
American Society of Exercise Physiologists