American Society of Exercise Physiologists
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Issue: #4 April 2010
Thank you for being part of our community. ASEP is the specific voice for (historically under-represented) Exercise Physiologists. Please use this Newsletter as a link to ASEP resources from scientific journals to professional papers, to employment and related opportunities. And be sure to click on "More On Us" at the left for the ASEP-Newsletter's parent web site.
Yours in health, 
-Lonnie Lowery and Jonathan Mike, ASEP-Newsletter Editors 
 Editor's Corner



The Vocational - Professional - Scholarly Spectrum


You may have heard it as many times as I have: the ongoing differences in opinion between professors or instructors who value either A.) Preparing students for the workforce or B.) Preparing students to be scholars. Sometimes the difference lies in the level of education that the educators themselves have had. Sometimes it's a difference in value system; some see their responsibility as one that feeds their profession while others feel an obligation and interest in passing along their knowledge to a new generation of problem solvers and discoverers.


Unfortunately, this debate can become rather negative, with the vocational/ professional types seeing the researcher-scholars as elitist or lacking in "real world" experience while the researchers may look down on their counterparts as limited or somehow "lower level". I've discussed this kind of rift with professors from biology to nutrition to sociology. Sometimes a profession as a whole leans toward one end of the spectrum.


I think Exercise Physiology can be a unique example of how a discipline can embrace both ends of the spectrum. Our relatively rich history in the lab has created scholars of a caliber that can stand alongside the best in any scientific field. And, although (for various political and historical reasons) we are late to the table in licensed professional settings, we have a unique skill set that is exactly what the Western world needs on many levels. Putting these two characteristics together in a sort of 'translational research' way could make EPs very valuable and influential indeed. And the federal government is funding exactly this kind of project lately.


So this month I'm asking you as a reader to evaluate where you lie on the spectrum and to honestly see if your biases could be a barrier to EP progress. If we can set aside differences or biases and work together, I think we'll not only be candidates for increased government funding, but we'll be a little ahead of some other professions that lack our breadth along the spectrum


Lonnie Lowery, PhD

ASEP-Newsletter Editor 

Ask the EP 
Q:  What is the frequency of the use of anabolic steroids?

Media exposure gives the underlying belief that the use of performance-enhancing drugs, specifically anabolic steroids and GH (growth hormone) are rampant among professional athletes. The scientific evidence among the prevalence of the nonmedical use of androgens within the U.S.A. is very limited. A recent report has indicated that since 1993 the lifetime use of androgens for nonmedical reasons has remained at a consistent 1% in the college student population (1). Considering that there are more than 40 million college graduates in this country (2), it can be estimated that more than 400,000 college graduates have used androgens during their lifetime. In addition, a recent survey has suggested that nearly half of all users of androgens hold a college degree (3). Considering that half do not, it may be further extrapolated that more than 800,000 individuals in the U.S.A. have used androgens during their lifetime. However, most surveys examining the nonmedical use of androgens have focused on collegiate and adolescent students and athletes.


 Adult use is generally limited to surveys of individuals who are self administering androgens. However, with the adult population,, the median age of individuals using androgens is 29 years, with nearly half of them holding at least a bachelors degree and more than 5% of self-admitted users holding a terminal degree (e.g., JD,MD or PhD) (3). Most adult users of androgens in the U.S.A. are whites (88.5%) and employed as professionals with yearly income exceeding that of the general population (3).


 Interestingly, the primary reason for drug use among the general population of androgen users appears to be related to increases in strength and muscle mass and wanting to ''look good'' (3,4). In addition to appearance, other reasons for drug use include reduction of body fat, improvement to mood, and attraction of sexual partners. Interestingly, of the 1,955 androgen-using males surveyed bodybuilding and sports performance were either not motivation for androgen use or of little importance (3). Often, media reports have focused on performance-enhancing drug use in professional athletes and youth, however the majority of adults who self-administer androgens for nonmedical purposes appear to be intelligent, economically stable, white men who are not competitive athletes.

 Although this is a rather brief description of the frequency of use of anabolic steroids, it helps to be objective. From the above paragraphs, the fact is that most of the individuals that use performance-enhancing drugs are the regular "gym rats" that are doing it mainly for cosmetic purposes.
Jonathan Mike, MS, CSCS, USAW, NSCA-CPT,
Doctoral Student, Assistant Editor


1). McCabe, SE, Bower, KJ, West, BT, Nelson, TF, and Wechsler, H.

Trends in non-medical use of anabolic steroids by U.S. college

students: Results from four national surveys. Drug Alcohol Depend

90: 243-251, 2007.

2).  National Science Foundation (NSF). 2003 College Graduates in the

U.S. Workforce: A Profile. NSF 06-304. 2005.

3). Cohen, J, Collins, R, Darkes, J, and Gwartney, D. A league of their

own: demographics, motivations and patterns of use of 1,955 male

adult non-medical anabolic steroid users in the United States. J Int

Soc Sports Nutr 11: 4-12, 2007.

4). Hoffman, JR, Faigenbaum, AD, Ratamess, NA, Ross, R, Kang, J, and

Tenenbaum, G. Nutritional and anabolic steroid use in adolescents.

Advertisements & Announcements

Opportunities Related to Exercise Physiology

Community Announcement: Iron has issued a call for brief submissions from EP students or professionals interested in getting their first involvement in legitimate Internet / pod casting settings. Opinions on professional issues or micro reviews and recent research are welcomed. Students' audio submissions (see National Public Radio (NPR]) and / or the Iron web site for examples) will be editor-reviewed by ASEP-Newsletter Editors Dr. Lonnie Lowery and Jonathan Mike. The submissions should be 300-500 word essays read aloud and recorded with Windows Sound Recorder or similar software and sent via email to Iron is not ASEP-affiliated.

The Department of Kinesiology at the University of New Hampshire... is currently seeking applicants for a tenure track appointment in Exercise Science at the Assistant or Associate Professor level. ...more information...
NOTE: ASEP Board of Directors with approval of The Center for Exercise Physiology-online developed the "EPC Petition Guidelines" for doctorate exercise physiologists to become Board Certified.

Thank you for perusing our opinions, facts and opportunities in this edition of the ASEP-Newsletter.

Lonnie Lowery
American Society of Exercise Physiologists

All contents are copyright 1997-2010 American Society of Exercise Physiologists.